Location of Bulgaria
Bulgaria is situated in Southeast Europe and occupies the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. To the north it borders on Romania, to the west on the Republic of Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, to the east on the Black Sea, to the south on Greece and to the southeast on Turkey’s European part. Area: 111.000 sq km.
Bulgaria has a temperate climate, with cold humid winters and hot dry summers. Average summer temperatures: +26 +35 Celsius (79-95 Fahrenheit). Average winter temperatures: -5 +5 Celsius (23-41 Fahrenheit). For potential visitors who live in the Southern Hemisphere, it should be mentioned that the Bulgarian winter runs from December until February and it is summertime from June until the end of August.
Bulgarian is an Indo-European language, a member of the South branch of the Slavic languages, along with Serbo-Croatian, and Slovenian. Bulgarian is the most widely spoken language in Bulgaria. It is also spoken in Canada, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Turkey, Ukraine and the United States, with an estimated total of 9 million native speakers. Bulgarian is the oldest written Slavic language. Historically it is divided into Old Bulgarian (9th to 11th century), Middle Bulgarian (12th to 15th century) and Modern Bulgarian (16th century onwards); the present-day written language was standardized in the 19th century. Some words and structures remain from the language of the Bulgars, the Central Asian people who moved into present-day Bulgaria and eventually adopted the local Slavic language. The Bulgar was otherwise unrelated to Bulgarian. Bulgarian demonstrates several linguistic innovations that set it apart from other Slavic languages, such as the elimination of noun declension, the development of a suffix definite article (possibly inherited from the Bulgar language, or taken from Albanian), the lack of verb infinitive, and the retention and further development of the Proto-Slavic verb system. There are various verb forms to express non-witnessed, retold, and doubtful action.
The unit of currency in Bulgaria (currency code: BGL) is the lev, divided into 100 stotinki. The Bulgarian National Bank is the bank of issue and handles government funds and state-owned enterprises.
The Bulgarian Orthodox Church, which played a crucial role in preserving Bulgarian culture during the Ottoman occupation, remained central to the sense of Bulgarian nationhood even under the postwar communist regimes. In spite of the official status of Orthodoxy, Bulgaria also had a tradition of tolerance toward other Christian religions.
Bulgaria is in the Eastern European Time Zone. Eastern European Standard Time (EET) is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+2).
Dialing in Bulgaria
Country code: 359 Area Codes of Main Bulgarian Cities: 73- Blagoevgrad; 56- Burgas; 66- Gabrovo; 96- Montana; 34- Pazardjik; 64- Pleven; 32- Plovdiv; 82- Rousse ; 2- Sofia; 42- Stara Zagora; 52- Varna; 62- Veliko Turnovo; 94- Vidin
Electricity, Telephones and Plugs in Bulgaria
Bulgaria has 220 volt electricity, meaning unless your computer or appliance is dual voltage or designed for 220 volts, you will need a converter or transformer. The cycles (Hz) are 50 per second. Bulgaria uses the standard European non-grounded socket, the most common in the world.
Source of Information: Invest Bulgaria